vCenterのCLIインストールが可能なOSはそれほど多くありません。「vCenter Serverインストーラーのシステム要件」を参照すると、SUSEとUbuntuしかサポートされない事がわかります。

vCenter インストーラーのシステム要件

以下、サポート対象外ですが、CentOS 7.8で動作確認済の手順を示します。なお、CentOS 8.XではOVFテンプレートをデプロイする処理を試みる時点でエラーを返す事が分かっています。

VCSA(vCenter Server Appliance)のダウンロード

Download VMware vSphereをブラウザで開きます。「VMware vCenter Server 7.0」を押下します。



「VMware vCenter Server and Modules VMware vCenter Server Appliance」と書かれているファイルサイズが大きい方の「DOWNLOAD NOW」を押下します。



「I agree to the terms and conditions outline in the End User License Agreement」にチェックを入れ、「ACCEPT」を押下します。すると、ダウンロードが開始されます。


VCSA(vCenter Server Appliance)のインストール



mount VMware-VCSA-all-7.0.2-17694817.iso /mnt/



全部で5種類のファイルがありますが、「replication」と名のつくファイルは信頼関係の結ばれたvCenterを構築し、cross vCenter vMotionをするような構成を想定しています。「cluster」と名のつくファイルは冗長構成のvCenterを構築する場合を想定しています。


[root@ansible012 ~]# ll /mnt/vcsa-cli-installer/templates/install/
合計 30
-r-xr-xr-x 1 root root 4586  1月 24 00:52 embedded_vCSA_on_ESXi.json
-r-xr-xr-x 1 root root 5626  1月 24 00:52 embedded_vCSA_on_VC.json
-r-xr-xr-x 1 root root 4809  1月 24 00:52 embedded_vCSA_replication_on_ESXi.json
-r-xr-xr-x 1 root root 5849  1月 24 00:52 embedded_vCSA_replication_on_VC.json
-r-xr-xr-x 1 root root 5396  1月 24 00:52 vCSA_with_cluster_on_ESXi.json


cp -p /mnt/vcsa-cli-installer/templates/install/embedded_vCSA_on_ESXi.json /tmp/
chmod 755 /tmp/embedded_vCSA_on_ESXi.json


# vi /tmp/embedded_vCSA_on_ESXi.json
    "__version": "2.13.0",
    "__comments": "Sample template to deploy a vCenter Server Appliance with an embedded Platform Services Controller on an ESXi host.",
    "new_vcsa": {
        "esxi": {
            "hostname": "",
            "username": "root",
            "password": "P@ssw0rd",
            "deployment_network": "external",
            "datastore": "datastore11"
        "appliance": {
            "__comments": [
                "You must provide the 'deployment_option' key with a value, which will affect the VCSA's configuration parameters, such as the VCSA's number of vCPUs, the memory size, the storage size, and the maximum numbers of ESXi hosts and VMs which can be managed. For a list of acceptable values, run the supported deployment sizes help, i.e. vcsa-deploy --supported-deployment-sizes"
            "thin_disk_mode": true,
            "deployment_option": "small",
            "name": "194-vcenter"
        "network": {
            "ip_family": "ipv4",
            "mode": "static",
            "ip": "",
            "dns_servers": [
            "prefix": "24",
            "gateway": "",
            "system_name": "vcenter04.gokatei.go"
        "os": {
            "password": "P@ssw0rd",
            "ntp_servers": "",
            "ssh_enable": true
        "sso": {
            "password": "P@ssw0rd",
            "domain_name": "gokatei4.go"
    "ceip": {
        "description": {
            "__comments": [
                "++++VMware Customer Experience Improvement Program (CEIP)++++",
                "VMware's Customer Experience Improvement Program (CEIP) ",
                "provides VMware with information that enables VMware to ",
                "improve its products and services, to fix problems, ",
                "and to advise you on how best to deploy and use our ",
                "products. As part of CEIP, VMware collects technical ",
                "information about your organization's use of VMware ",
                "products and services on a regular basis in association ",
                "with your organization's VMware license key(s). This ",
                "information does not personally identify any individual. ",
                "Additional information regarding the data collected ",
                "through CEIP and the purposes for which it is used by ",
                "VMware is set forth in the Trust & Assurance Center at ",
                " . If you ",
                "prefer not to participate in VMware's CEIP for this ",
                "product, you should disable CEIP by setting ",
                "'ceip_enabled': false. You may join or leave VMware's ",
                "CEIP for this product at any time. Please confirm your ",
                "acknowledgement by passing in the parameter ",
                "--acknowledge-ceip in the command line.",
        "settings": {
            "ceip_enabled": false



[root@ansible012 ~]# /mnt/vcsa-cli-installer/lin64/vcsa-deploy --help
Usage: vcsa-deploy [-h] [--version] [--supported-deployment-sizes]
                   {install,upgrade,migrate} ...

optional arguments:
  -h, --help            Show this help message and exit.
  --version             Show the version and exit.
                        Display all of the supported deployment options from the
                        OVA in default location. If the OVA package is not
                        found, default values are displayed

Available sub-commands. Use vcsa-deploy [subcommand] --help for a list of subcommand-specific arguments:
    install             Deploy VCSA to a remote host.
    upgrade             Upgrade an existing vCSA.
    migrate             Migrate an existing Windows installation of vCenter
                        Server to a vCSA.

The exit codes and their meanings are:

0: Command ran successfully

1: Runtime error

2: Validation error

3: Template error
[root@ansible012 ~]# /mnt/vcsa-cli-installer/lin64/vcsa-deploy install --help
Usage: vcsa-deploy install [-h] [--template-help] [--log-dir LOG_DIR]
                           [--skip-ovftool-verification] [--accept-eula]
                           [--acknowledge-ceip] [--pause-on-warnings]
                           [--operation-id OPERATION_ID]
                           [--no-ssl-certificate-verification] [-v | -t]
                           [--verify-template-only | --precheck-only]
                           template [template ...]

Deploy VCSA to a remote host.

optional arguments:
  -h, --help            Show this help message and exit.

Other Arguments:
  --template-help       Print out the help for template settings.
  --log-dir LOG_DIR     Directory for log and other output files.
                        Deploy the vCenter Server Appliance directly through OVF
                        Tool without performing parameter verification. Basic
                        template verification will still be performed.
  --accept-eula         Accept the end-user license agreement. This argument is
                        required to deploy the appliance.
  --acknowledge-ceip    Confirm your acknowledgement about your VMware Customer
                        Experience Improvement Program (CEIP) participation.
                        This argument is required if 'ceip_enabled' is set to
                        true in the install/upgrade/migration template.
  --pause-on-warnings   Pause and wait for acknowledgment of some warnings.
  --operation-id OPERATION_ID
                        Provide an Operation ID to track
                        install/upgrade/migration activities.
                        Skip security certificate verification for all server
  -v, --verbose         Debug information will be displayed in the console. If
                        you set this parameter, you cannot set --terse.
  -t, --terse           Only warning and error information will be displayed in
                        the console. If you set this parameter, you cannot set
                        Perform only the basic template verification but do not
                        run additional prechecks, and do not deploy vCenter
                        Server Appliance. For additional prechecks and OVF Tool
                        parameter verification, use --precheck-only parameter.
  --precheck-only       Perform only the basic template verification and OVF
                        Tool parameter verification, but do not deploy the
                        vCenter Server Appliance.

Required Arguments:
  template              Path of JSON files that describe the vCenter Server
                        Appliance deployment procedure.

Use --template-help for a list of template settings. Use vcsa-deploy
[subcommand] --help for a list of subcommand-specific arguments.

The exit codes and their meanings are:

0: Command ran successfully

1: Runtime error

2: Validation error

3: Template error



/mnt/vcsa-cli-installer/lin64/vcsa-deploy install --accept-eula /tmp/embedded_vCSA_on_ESXi.json


Retrying the connection with certificate thumbprint check...
If an untrusted SSL certificate is installed on '', secure
communication cannot be guaranteed. Depending on your security policy, this
issue could represent a security concern.
The SHA-1 thumbprint of the certificate is
Do you accept the thumbprint?
1: Accept and continue.
2: Do not accept and exit.
Enter '1' or '2':

vcsa thumbprintの許可


 [SUCCEEDED] Successfully executed Task 'ApplianceLoginSummaryTask: Provide
appliance login information.' in TaskFlow 'embedded_vCSA_on_ESXi' at 10:06:13
=================================== 10:06:14 ===================================
Result and Log File Information...
WorkFlow log directory:

vcsa インストールの完了